Introduction | Location and Physical Setting | Freshwater | State of the Aquifer System | Interactive Content | References

Online Citations

  1. Barlow, Paul M., 2003, Ground Water in Freshwater-Saltwater Environments of the Atlantic Coast: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1262, 121 p.
  2. Benotti, M.J., Fisher, S.C., and Terracciano, S.A., 2006, Occurrence of pharmaceuticals in shallow ground water of Suffolk County, New York, 2002–2005: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2006–1297, 5 pages, online only.
  3. Bohlke, J. K.; Hatzinger, P. B.; Sturchio, N. C.; Gu, B.; Abbene, I.; Mroczkowski, S. J., 2009, Atacama perchlorate as an agricultural contaminant in groundwater: Isotopic and chronologic evidence from Long Island, New York: Environmental Science and Technology, 43 (15), 7 p.
  4. Burr, W.H., Hering, Rudolph, and Freeman, J.R., 1904, Report of the commission on additional water supply for the City of New York: New York, Martin B Brown, 980 p.
  5. Busciolano, Ronald; Monti, Jack, Jr.; Chu, Anthony, 1998, Water-table and potentiometric-surface altitudes of the upper glacial, Magothy, and Lloyd aquifers on Long Island, New York, in March-April 1997, with a summary of hydrogeologic conditions: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 98-4019, 6 sheets, 17 p.
  6. Busciolano, Ronald, 2002, Water-table and potentiometric-surface altitudes of the upper glacial, Magothy, and Lloyd aquifers on Long Island, New York, in March-April 2000, with a summary of hydrogeologic conditions: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 2001-4165, 17 p.
  7. Buxton, Herbert T.; Smolensky, Douglas A., 1999, Simulation of the effects of development of the ground-water flow system of Long Island, New York: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 98-4069, 57 p.
  8. Buxton, Herbert T.; Shernoff, Peter K., 1999, Ground-water resources of Kings and Queens counties, Long Island, New York: U.S. Geological Survey Water Supply Paper 2498, 113 p.
  9. Charles J. Taylor and William M. Alley, 2001, Ground-Water-Level Monitoring and the Importance of Long-Term Water-Level Data: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1217 74 p.
  10. Clark, David W.; Briar, David W., 1993, What is ground water?: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 93-643, 2 p.
  11. Clawges, Rick M.; Stackelberg, Paul E.; Ayers, Mark A.; Vowinkel, Eric F., 1999, Nitrate, volatile organic compounds, and pesticides in ground water--a summary of selected studies from New Jersey and Long Island, New York: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4027, 39 p.
  12. Cohen, Philip, Franke, O.L., and Foxworthy, B.L., 1968, An atlas of Long Island's water resources: U.S. Geological Survey Water Resources Commission Bulletin 62, 117 p.
  13. Donaldson, Cynthia D.; Koszalka, Edward J., 1983, Water table on Long Island, New York, March 1979, U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 82-163, 2 sheets
  14. Doriski, T. P.; Wilde-Katz, Franceska, 1983, Geology of the "20-foot" clay and Gardiners clay in southern Nassau and southwestern Suffolk counties, Long Island, New York: U.S. Geological Survey, Water-Resources Investigations Report 82-4056, 21 p.
  15. Doriski, Thomas P., 1986, Potentiometric-surface altitude of major aquifers on Long Island, New York, in 1983: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 85-4321, 8 sheets
  16. Doriski, Thomas P., 1987, Potentiometric-surface of the water-table, Magothy, and Lloyd aquifers on Long Island, New York, in 1984: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 86-4189, 8 sheets
  17. Franke, O. L.; McClymonds, N. E., 1972, Summary of the hydrologic situation on Long Island, New York, as a guide to water-management alternatives: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 627-F, 58 p.
  18. Fry, J., Xian, G., Jin, S., Dewitz, J., Homer, C., Yang, L., Barnes, C., Herold, N., and Wickham, J., 2011. Completion of the 2006 National Land Cover Database for the Conterminous United States, PE&RS, Vol. 77(9):858-864.
  19. Haefner, Ralph J., 1992, Use of a geographic information system to evaluate potential sites for public-water-supply wells on Long Island, New York: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 91-182, 33 p.
  20. Homer, C.H., Fry, J.A., and Barnes C.A., 2012, The National Land Cover Database, U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2012-3020, 4 p.
  21. Jacob, C.E., 1945, The water table in western and central parts of Long Island, New York: New York State Water Power and Control Commission Bulletin GW-12, 24 p.
  22. Johnston, R. H., 1988, Factors affecting ground-water quality [abs.]: National water summary 1986; hydrologic events and ground-water quality: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 2325, p. 71-72.
  23. Kenny, J.F., Barber, N.L., Hutson, S.S., Linsey, K.S., Lovelace, J.K., and Maupin, M.A., 2009, Estimated use of water in the United States in 2005: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1344, 52 p.
  24. Kimmel, G.E., 1971, The water-table on Long Island, New York, in March 1970: Suffolk County Department Environmental Control, Long Island Water Resources Bulletin 2, 8 p.
  25. Koch, Ellis; Koszalka, E. J., 1973, Potentiometric surface of the lower part of the Magothy Aquifer in March 1972, Long Island, New York: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 73-147, 1 sheet
  26. Kolpin, D. W.; Furlong, E. T.; Meyer, M. T.; Thurman, E. M.; Zaugg, S. D.; Barber, L. B.; Buxton, H. T., 2002, Pharmaceuticals, hormones, and other organic wastewater contaminants in U.S. streams, 1999-2000: A national reconnaissance: Environmental Science and Technology, 36 (6) 10 p.
  27. Koszalka, E.J., 1975, The water table on Long Island, New York, in March 1974: Suffolk County Water Authority, Long Island Water Resources Bulletin. 5, 7 p.
  28. Koszalka, Edward J.; Koch, Ellis, 1971, Water table in Long Island, New York, March 1971: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report, 1 sheet, scale 1:125,000
  29. Krulikas, R. K.; Koszalka, E. J., 1983, Geologic reconnaissance of an extensive clay unit in north-central Suffolk County, Long Island, New York: U.S. Geological Survey, Water-Resources Investigations Report 82-4075, 9 p., 1 pl.
  30. Lusczynski, Norbert J., 1950, Piezometric levels from 1948 through 1950 for wells screened in the Lloyd sand member of the Raritan formation on Long Island, New York: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 50-84, 11 p.
  31. Lusczynski, N.J., and Johnson, A.W., 1951, The water table in Long Island, New York in January 1951” New York State Water Power and Control Commission Bulletin GW-27, 28 p.
  32. Lusczynski, N. J.; Swarzenski, Wolfgang V., 1966, Salt-water encroachment in southern Nassau and southeastern Queens Counties, Long Island, New York: U.S. Geological Survey Water Supply Paper 1613-F, 76 p.
  33. Masterson, J.P., Pope, J.P., Monti, Jack, Jr, Nardi, M.R., Finkelstein, J.S., and McCoy, K.J., 2013, Hydrogeology and hydrologic conditions of the Northern Atlantic Coastal Plain aquifer system from Long Island, New York, to North Carolina: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2013–5133, 76 p.
  34. McClymonds, N. E.; Franke, O. L., 1972, Water-transmitting properties of aquifers on Long Island, New York: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper: 627-E, 23 p.
  35. McMahon, Edward T., 1997, Stopping Sprawl by Growing Smarter: Planning Commissioners Journal, Number 26, Spring 1997, Burlington, VT.
  36. Miller, J. F.; Frederick, R. H., 1969, The precipitation regime of Long Island, New York: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 627-A, 21 p.
  37. Monti, Jack, Jr.; Busciolano, Ronald J., 2009, Water-Table and Potentiometric-Surface Altitudes in the Upper Glacial, Magothy, and Lloyd Aquifers beneath Long Island, New York, March-April 2006: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 3066, 4 sheets, scale 1:25,000
  38. Monti, Jack, Jr., Como, Michael, and Busciolano, Ronald, 2013, Water-table and Potentiometric-surface altitudes in the Upper Glacial, Magothy, and Lloyd aquifers beneath Long Island, New York, April-May 2010: U.S. Geological Survey, Scientific Investigations Map 3270, 4 sheets, scale 1:125,000
  39. Monti, Jack Jr., and Scorca, Michael P., 2003, Trends in Nitrogen Concentration and Nitrogen Loads Entering the South Shore Estuary Reserve from Streams and Ground-Water Discharge in Nassau and Suffolk Counties, Long Island, New York, 1952-97: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 02-4255, 36 p.
  40. Nakao, James H.; Erlichman, Freddy R., 1978, The water table on Long Island, New York, in March 1975: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 78-569, 1 sheet, 13 p.
  41. Nemickas, Bronius; Koszalka, Edward J., 1982, Geohydrologic appraisal of water resources of the South Fork, Long Island, New York: U.S. Geological Survey Water Supply Paper 2073, 55 p.
  42. Perlmutter, N. M.; Geraghty, J. J., 1963, Geology and ground-water conditions in southern Nassau and southeastern Queens Counties, Long Island, New York: U.S. Geological Survey Water Supply Paper: 1613-A, 205 p.
  43. Peterson, D. S., 1987, Ground-water-recharge rates in Nassau and Suffolk counties, New York: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 86-4181, 19 p.
  44. Prince, Keith R., 1976, The potentiometric surface of the Magothy Aquifer on Long Island, New York, in March 1975: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 76-536, 1 sheet, scale 1:125,000
  45. Reynolds, Richard J., 1982, Base flow of streams on Long Island, New York: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 81-48, 33 p.
  46. Rich, Charles A.; Prince, Keith R.; Spinello, Anthony G., 1975, Potentiometric surface of the Lloyd aquifer on Long Island, New York, in January 1975: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report, 1 sheet, 12 p.
  47. Scorca, Michael P., and Monti, Jack Jr., 2001, Estimates of Nitrogen Loads Entering Long Island Sound from Ground Water and Streams on Long Island, New York, 1985-96: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 00-4196, 29 p.
  48. Seaburn, G. E., 1970, Preliminary results of hydrologic studies at two recharge basins on Long Island, New York: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 627-C p. C1-C17
  49. Smolensky, Douglas A.; Buxton, Herbert T.; Shernoff, Peter K., 1900, Hydrologic framework of Long Island, New York: U.S. Geological Survey Hydrologic Atlas 709, 3 sheets, scale 1:125,000
  50. Spinello, A. G.; Simmons, D. L., 1992, Base flow of 10 south-shore streams, Long Island, New York, 1976-85, and the effects of urbanization on base flow and flow duration: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 90-4205, 34 p.
  51. Stumm, Frederick, 2001, Hydrogeology and Extent of Saltwater Intrusion of the Great Neck Peninsula, Great Neck, Long Island, New York: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4280, 41 p.
  52. Stumm, Frederick, Lange, Andrew D., and Candela, Jennifer L., 2002, Hydrogeology and Extent of Saltwater Intrusion on Manhasset Neck, Nassau County, New York: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 00-4193, 42 p.
  53. Stumm, Frederick, Lange, A.D., and Candela, J.L., 2004, Hydrogeology and Extent of Saltwater Intrusion in the Northern Part of the Town of Oyster Bay, Nassau County, New York: 1995-98: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 03-4288, 55 p.
  54. Suter, Russell, 1937, Engineering report on the water supplies of Long Island: New York State Water Power and Control Commission Bulletin GW-2, 64 p.
  55. Vaupel, Donald E.; Prince, K. R.; Koehler, A. J.; Runco, Mario, 1977, Potentiometric surfaces of the upper glacial and Magothy aquifers and selected streamflow statistics, 1943-72, on Long Island, New York: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 77-528, 8 sheets, 18 p., scale 1:31,680
  56. Veatch, A. C.; Slichter, C. S.; Bowman, Isaiah; Crosby, W. O.; Horton, R. E., 1906, Underground water resources of Long Island, New York: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 44, 394 p.
  57. W.M. Alley, T.E. Reilly, and O.L. Franke, 1999, Sustainability of Ground-Water Resources: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1186, 86 p.
  58. T.C. Winter, J.W. Harvey, O.L. Franke, and W.M. Alley, 1998, Ground Water and Surface Water A Single Resource: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1139, 79 p.
  59. Westenbroek, S.M., Kelson, V.A., Dripps, W.R., Hunt, R.J., and Bradbury,K.R., 2010, SWB—A modified Thornthwaite-Mather Soil-Water-Balance code for estimating groundwater recharge: U.S. Geological Survey Techniques and Methods 6–A31, 60 p.

Acknowledgements

There are many who have provided the research mentioned in this web page and without their work and research, applied science would be impossible. We would like to thank those past scientists and the Federal, State and local agencies who funded over 100 years of water resource investigations on Long Island. Here are a few of the many agencies:


U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Nassau County Department of Public Works
Suffolk County Water Authority
Suffolk County Department of Health Services
New York City Department of Environmental Protection
Long Island Commission on Aquifer Protection

Additional Reports

USGS groundwater investigations on Long Island are sometimes available as online reports. Below are several links to additional reports; these may not be referenced on this website. They are presented here for your convenience.

Northern Long Island Reports
Southern Long Island Reports